Ṭuquztamur (d. 746/1345)

Emblem description: Upper field self-colored, red lower field with a white eagle above a white cup (almond shape)

Known emblems:

  • A bronze ewer
  • Two glass lamps
  • A candlestick (present owner unknown)
  • A brass bowl
  • A copper bowl (present owner unknown)
  • A glass bottle
  • A glass lamp (Kunst und Altertumssammlungen, Veste Coburg)
  • Two slabs of white marble (Museum of Islamic Art, Cairo)
  • A potsherd (present owner unknown)

Bibliography: Mayer, Saracenic Heraldry, p. 235-239

Ḥasan (748/1347-752/1351 and 755/1354-762/1361)

Here is a list of objects and monuments displaying the emblem of sultan Ḥasan.

Kitbughā (694/1294-696/1296)

Emblem descriptions : Cup on a unique field OR Cup on the lower part of a two-field emblem OR Blank upper field (white or colorless?), blank red central field, blank lower field with a red cup.

Known emblems:

  • A candlestick base at the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore
  • A copper coin at the Rockefeller Museum in Jerusalem
  • An illustration in a manuscript of al-Dhahabī’s al-Muntaqā min ta’rīkh al-islām conserved in the 1930’s at the library of Ahmed Zeki Pasha in Cairo (according to Mayer).

Bibliography: Mayer, Saracenic Heraldry, p. 143-144

Barqūq (784/1382-801/1399)

Here is a list of objects and monuments displaying the emblem of sultan Barqūq.

It seems that 59 glass lamps made for sultan Barqūq survive: 25 are in the Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo, 22 are in the mosque of Imam Husain (also in Cairo) and 12 are dispersed in museum collections outside Egypt. (Information published by Alaa El-Din Mahmoud in 2016 on the basis of a master’s thesis by Mayisa Mahmud Dawud, Cairo University, 1971)

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