Kitbughā (694/1294-696/1296)

Emblem descriptions : Cup on a unique field OR Cup on the lower part of a two-field emblem OR Blank upper field (white or colorless?), blank red central field, blank lower field with a red cup.

Known emblems:

  • A candlestick base at the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore
  • A copper coin at the Rockefeller Museum in Jerusalem
  • An illustration in a manuscript of al-Dhahabī’s al-Muntaqā min ta’rīkh al-islām conserved in the 1930’s at the library of Ahmed Zeki Pasha in Cairo (according to Mayer).

Bibliography: Mayer, Saracenic Heraldry, p. 143-144

Barqūq (784/1382-801/1399)

Here is a list of objects and monuments displaying the emblem of sultan Barqūq.

It seems that 59 glass lamps made for sultan Barqūq survive: 25 are in the Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo, 22 are in the mosque of Imam Husain (also in Cairo) and 12 are dispersed in museum collections outside Egypt. (Information published by Alaa El-Din Mahmoud in 2016 on the basis of a master’s thesis by Mayisa Mahmud Dawud, Cairo University, 1971)